Overview of the development of world printing indu

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Overview of the development of the world printing industry in 2000

in 2000, the total sales volume of the global printing industry was about US $500billion (about 50% of the income was related to product packaging, and the rest was income from various electronic media), making the printing industry one of the largest manufacturing industries in the world. However, with the rapid development of Internet, it is expected that the revenue of traditional printing industry will decrease to about 472billion US dollars by 2005. This means that the proportion of printed matter in total media sales will continue to decline. The revenue of various electronic media, such as non print advertising, cable TV products, optical discs and floppy disks, will increase to $900billion

according to relevant reports, the U.S. printing market, which accounts for nearly one-third of the international printing market, has come out of its trough in the middle of 2002 and began to resume growth. It is estimated that the sales volume in the third and fourth quarters of 2002 will increase by 8% and 10% respectively, and the sales volume of printed matter in 2002 will reach US $166.6 billion, an increase of 4.5% over 2001. It is expected that the US printing market will still grow in 2003, with a growth rate of about 3%

at drupa 2000, the printing industry has put forward the new concept of "e-printing", that is, web printing. For the printing industry, network technology will change the development direction of the printing industry. Digital technology, network technology, whole process automation and digital workflow have become the four leading technologies in the development of printing in the information age

therefore, the printing industry will have to carry out reforms to improve productivity and solve the problems of declining printing prices. Some large foreign printing enterprises have expected that the printing industry will change, so they began to invest in diversification, such as electronic media. In order to adapt to the development of high technology, many printing enterprises all over the world are exploring whether to replace the traditional printing system with full digital printing system. After eight years of development and maturity, color digital printing machines have begun to enter the market. At present, more than 10000 color digital printers have been installed all over the world, showing a trend of rapid growth. Heidelberg Printing Machinery Co., Ltd., the world's largest manufacturer of printing investment equipment, predicts that the annual sales volume of the digital printing machine market will be as high as US $4billion. In addition, with the popularity and development of the Internet, publishing and bookstores have emerged, and people have more and more demand for instant printing and printing

The development of inkjet printing technology is also remarkable. It is expected that digital inkjet printing will be more widely used and developed. In office printing, digital ink-jet printing will probably replace the copier. Inkjet printing is also the leading technology of large-scale advertising printing. Because inkjet printing can be used for almost all materials, it has also been widely used in packaging and printing. The latest printing technologies include high-end prepress production system based on PDF, new drying technology and professional digital photography technology

in addition, packaging printing and thick paper processing printing have become the two fastest-growing areas in the world's printing industry. Foreign flexographic printing technology, because of its inherent characteristics of high plate making flexibility and low production cost, makes the gravure printing technology originally applied in packaging processing unable to compare with it. At present, in sheet fed printing or web printing, more and more enterprises adopt flexographic printing. Because flexographic printing has the advantages of less ink consumption, suitable for high-speed printing machine, automation requirements and low production cost, it will become one of the improvement directions of printing technology in the future

due to the increasing demand for printed matter, the trend of small batch, multiple varieties, high quality and short cycle, and the networking, digitization and automation of the printing industry, small and medium-sized enterprises with employees have become the main body of the industry. In Hong Kong, the printing industry is the largest manufacturing industry in terms of the number of companies. According to official statistics, in 1999, the experimental conditions were set through the operating panel or computer software, and the total output value of Hong Kong's printing industry reached HK $26.175 billion. As of September 2000, there were 4990 printing enterprises (44617 employees) in Hong Kong. Among them, more than 85% of enterprises are small and medium-sized enterprises with less than 10 employees. In the United States, the printing industry is the third largest manufacturing industry, with about 46000 enterprises and 1.2 million employees. In 2001, the product sales volume was US $160billion. The whole industry is also dominated by small and medium-sized enterprises with less than 20 employees. About 90% of Japanese printing enterprises are small and medium-sized enterprises. In addition, there were more than 12000 printing companies in the UK in 1997, with 189200 employees, of which more than 50000 were engaged in packaging printing. Its small printing enterprises account for a large proportion, and the general staff of the printing plant is no more than 20

it is said that offset printing is still the main printing method today and still occupies a leading position in various printing methods. Therefore, manufacturers all over the world are working hard on how to shorten the auxiliary time, improve the degree of automation and reduce the scrap rate when manufacturing offset printing machines, so as to meet the market demand for multi variety, multi-color and small batch printing products

however, the general trend of the development of the world's printing industry is how to realize green printing, that is, to adopt new processes, new materials and new technologies that are pollution-free and conducive to environmental protection and resource reuse in all areas of the printing process

due to the great environmental pollution caused by the ink in the printing process, the organic solvents and metal elements in the ink are not only harmful to human body, but also seriously pollute the atmosphere due to the volatilization of organic solvents. Therefore, countries are stepping up the development of environmentally friendly materials and preparing new environmentally friendly inks. At present, the main new inks are UV ink and water-based ink. According to relevant reports, at present, 40% of plastic printing in the United States uses water-based ink, and other economically developed countries, such as Japan, Germany, France, are using more and more water-based ink in plastic film printing. Britain has legislated to prohibit solvent based inks from printing food films

in addition, people have become more and more aware of the harm of packaging waste to soil and farming. It is necessary to always inspect the working materials of experimental machines, animals and human bodies. Many countries have formulated various laws and regulations for the development of green packaging. International standard 210 has been providing protection for military and police forces all over the world for more than years. ISO has also formulated international standards for environmental management, namely ISO14000 series, which was implemented in 1996. Green packaging refers to the packaging that is harmless to the ecological environment and human health and can be recycled and reused. At present, developed countries require that packaging continue to show "3R" (reduce, reuse and recycle) with the continuous development of new raw materials, new singers and new works, that is, the principles of reduction, reuse and recycling and "Id" (degradation). At present, the green packaging materials mainly include reusable and recycled packaging materials, such as glass bottles, polyester PET and PC bottles; Edible packaging film; Edible fresh-keeping film, etc

source: China Investment Guide

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